Wheat is a cereal crop, majorly grown for commercial purposes. Main Growing Areas in Kenya are: Nakuru, Narok,Trans Mara, Laikipia, Uasin Gishu, Nyandarua, Meru Central, Trans Nzoia and Keiyo.
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Altitude:1800-3000 above sea level
For virgin land plough 4-6 months before planting. Stubble land plough 1-2 months after harvesting.
Planting done at onset of rains. Seed rate range from 75-125kg per hectare depending on variety
|Land category||Fertilizer type||Rate in kg/ha|
|2nd year crop||DAP||130|
|3rd year crop||DAP||109|
|4th year crop||DAP||87|
|Over 4 years||DAP||200|
Sow with seed drill, for small scale farmers seeds and fertilizers can be broadcasted and covered with a light harrow in the last harrowing time.
Use herbicides eg 2-4 D amine, Buctril, Granstar and Glean at 4-6 leaf stages
Chafer grubs: Spray with suitable insecticide
Cut worms: Seed dressing with imidacloprid, use suitable insecticide eg decis
African army worm:Use suitable insecticide
African boll worm: Use suitable insecticide
Semi loopers: Use appropriate insecticide
Cereal aphids: Use suitable insecticide
Russian wheat aphid: Control at first sign of infestation with suitable insecticide eg dimecron
Birds: eg Red billed quelea quelea, chestnut weaver birds. Use bird scaring devices, liaise with the nearest agricultural department for assistance on the birds control strategies.
Rats: Practice field sanitation, trap the rats, bait with rodenticides, effectively clear bushes around the cropped field and biological control using dogs and cats.
Stem rust: Plant resistant varieties, timely sowing, use fungicide eg swing
Yellow rust: Plan resistant varieties, use fungicides eg swing
Brown leaf rust: Plant resistant varieties, use fungicides eg alto-combi
Leaf and glume blotch: Use clean seeds, crop rotation, field sanitation, use fungicides eg alto-combi
Yellow blotch: Seed dressing, crop rotation and field sanitation
Spot blotch: Crop rotation, field hygiene, seed dressing with suitable chemicals eg improdione
Loose smut: Plant certified seeds, seed dressing
Scab head blust: Crop rotation, seed treatment
Take-all disease: Crop rotation with non-cereal crops
After 4-7 months from planting depending on altitude
Grains should be dried to 13.5% moisture content, this prevent rotting of grains and